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Books and Papers:

As a group we have published a number of articles, book chapters, books and made short videos. Here’s some of the examples. If you can’t get them online, you could contact us. Most of these publications are open access or available online as e-book or PDF.


  • Boedhihartono, A.K. (2022). Governance Must Evolve to Meet New Needs of Indonesian Forest Communities. In: Coggins, C and Chen, B. Eds. Sacred Forests of Asia: Spiritual Ecology and the Politics of Nature Conservation. New York : Routledge; pp 277-291.
  • Coggins, C., Århem, N., Boedhihartono, A.K., Phan. H., Le, H., Wardani, E.M., (2022). Southeast Asia—Sacred Forests and Human-Environment Relations. In: Coggins, C and Chen, B. Eds. Sacred Forests of Asia: Spiritual Ecology and the Politics of Nature Conservation. New York : Routledge; pp 189-202.
  • Boedhihartono, A.K. (2021). Pendekatan Lanskap multidisiplin dan transdisiplin: Kajian Theory of Change, Actor Analysis/Pemangku Kepentingan dan Skenario untuk Pembangunan Berkelanjutan dan Konservasi Keanekaragaman Hayati.  (Ed. Supriatna, J). In: Metode dan Kajian Sumber Daya Hayati & Lingkungan. Pustaka Obor Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Riggs, R. A., Boedhihartono, A.K., Achdiawan, R., Kastanya, A., Langston, J. D., Adiwinata, Sayer, J. (2021). Governing the Landscape: potential and challenges of integrated approaches to landscape sustainability in Indonesia. Landscape Ecology (Special Issue).
  • Sayer, J., Boedhihartono, A.K., Langston, J.D., Riggs, R.A., Sari, D.A. (2021). Governance challenges to landscape restoration in Indonesia. Land Use Policy, 104, 104857
  • Walters, G., Sayer, J., Boedhihartono, A.K., Endamana, D., Angu Angu, K. (2021). Integrating landscape ecology into landscape practice in Central African Rainforests. Landscape Ecology (Special Issue).
  • Margules, C., A. K. Boedhihartono, J. D. Langston, R. A. Riggs, D. A. Sari, S. Sarkar, J. A. Sayer, J. Supriatna, and N. L. Winarni. (2020) Transdisciplinary science for improved conservation outcomes. Environmental Conservation, 1-10.
  • Chan, K. M. A., D. R. Boyd, R. K. Gould, J. Jetzkowitz, … A. K. Boedhihartono … et al. (2020) Levers and leverage points for pathways to sustainability. People and Nature 2:693-717.
  • Pattiselanno, F., J. K. Lloyd, J. Sayer, A. K. Boedhihartono, and A. Y. Arobaya. (2020) Wild Meat Trade Chain on the Bird’s Head Peninsula of West Papua Province, Indonesia. Journal of Ethnobiology 40:202-217.
  • Sayer, J., Boedhihartono, A. K., Langston, J. D., Margules, C., Riggs, R. A., & Sari, D. A. (2020). Governance challenges to landscape restoration in Indonesia. Land Use Policy
  • Riggs, R. A., J. D. Langston, E. Beauchamp, H. Travers, S. Ken, and C. Margules. (2020) Examining Trajectories of Change for Prosperous Forest Landscapes in Cambodia. Environmental management 66:72-90.
  • Langston, J. D., R. A. Riggs, A. K. Boedhihartono, A. Kastanya, and J. Sayer. (2020) An island in transition: governing conservation and development in Seram, Indonesia. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography
  • Riggs, R. A., J. D. Langston, J. Sayer, S. Sloan, and W. F. Laurance. (2020) Learning from Local Perceptions for Strategic Road Development in Cambodia’s Protected Forests. Tropical Conservation Science
  • Sayer, J., D. Sheil, G. Galloway, R. A. Riggs, G. Mewett, K. G. MacDicken, B. Arts, A. K. Boedhihartono, J. Langston, and D. P. Edwards. (2019) SDG 15: Life on Land – The Central Role of Forests in Sustainable Development. Pages 482-509 in C. J. Pierce Colfer, G. Winkel, G. Galloway, P. Pacheco, P. Katila, and W. de Jong, editors. Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Langston, J. D., Riggs, R. A., Sayer, J. A., Margules, C., & Boedhihartono, A. K. (2019). Science embedded in local forest landscape management improves benefit flows to society. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 2, 3.
  • Langston, J. D., McIntyre, R., Falconer, K., Sunderland, T., van Noordwijk, M., & Boedhihartono, A. K. (2019). Discourses mapped by Q-method show governance constraints motivate landscape approaches in Indonesia. PLoS one, 14(1)
  • Sari, D. A., Sayer, J., Margules, C., & Boedhihartono, A. K. (2019). Determining the effectiveness of forest landscape governance: A case study from the Sendang landscape, South Sumatra. Forest policy and economics, 102, 17-28.

Selected publications :

  • Barr, C. M., & Sayer, J. A. (2012). The political economy of reforestation and forest restoration in Asia–Pacific: Critical issues for REDD+. Biological Conservation, 154, 9-19.
  • Boedhihartono, A. K., Bongers, F., Boot, R. G., van Dijk, J., Jeans, H., van Kuijk, M., Koster, H., Reed, J., Sayer, J., Sunderland, T. (2018). Conservation Science and Practice Must Engage With the Realities of Complex Tropical Landscapes.
  • Boedhihartono A.K. (2017). Visualizing the Future We Want: Reconciling Art, Environment and Development. In: The Aesthetics of Development: Art, Culture and Social Transformation. Edited by J. Clammer and A. Giri. Palgrave MacMillan, New York. Springer.
  • Boedhihartono, A.K. (2017). Is Community Management of Forests Compatible with Conservation of Biodiversity in Indonesia ? – Land, special issue on Biodiversity in Locally Managed Lands. Land, 6, 21. To download paper: http://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/6/1/21
  • Boedhihartono, A. K., Endamana, D., Ruiz-Perez, M. & Sayer, J. (2015). Landscape scenarios visualized by Baka and Aka Pygmies in the Congo Basin. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 22, 279-291.
  • Boedhihartono, A. K. (2012). Visualizing Sustainable Landscapes: Understanding and Negotiating Conservation and Development Trade-offs Using Visual Techniques. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Boedhihartono, A. K., & Sayer, J. (2012). Forest landscape restoration: Restoring what and for whom? Forest Landscape Restoration (pp. 309-323): Springer.
  • Boedhihartono, A.K. Integrating Traditional Knowledge in Climate Change Adaptation. (2010). In Traditional Knowledge in Policy and Practice: Approaches to Development and Human Well-being. (Edited by Subramanian and Pisupati). UNU Press, Tokyo.
  • Boedhihartono, A.K. Punan hunters-gatherers and the Heart of Borneo Initiative. (2010). In Reflections on the Heart of Borneo. (Edited by Osseweijer & Persoon). Tropenbos International, Holland.
  • Boedhihartono, A., Gunarso, P., Levang, P., & Sayer, J. (2007). The principles of conservation and development: do they apply in Malinau? Ecology and Society, 12(2), 2.
  • Boedhihartono, A. K., & Sayer, J. (2012). Forest landscape restoration: Restoring what and for whom? Forest Landscape Restoration (pp. 309-323): Springer.
  • Boedhihartono, A. K. “Anai Leu Ita Mentawai” in 33 Sakuddei. In De Gmelin. JC Lattes, Paris.
  • Bull, G., Elliott, C., Boedhihartono, A., & Sayer, J. (2014). Failures in Tropical Forest and Conservation Policy: What is the Solution?. Forest Research Institute Malaysia Publication Unit, Kepong, KL 52109, Malaysia.
  • Bull, G., Boedhihartono, A., Bueno, G., Cashore, B., Elliott, C., Langston, J., Riggs, R.A., Sayer, J. (2018). Global forest discourses must connect with local forest realities. International Forestry Review, 20(2), 160-166.
  • Campbell, B. M., Sayer, J. A., & Walker, B. (2010). Navigating Trade-Offs: Working for Conservation and Development Outcomes. Ecology and Society, 15(2).
  • Clements, G. R., Sayer, J., Boedhihartono, A. K., Venter, O., Lovejoy, T., Koh, L. P., & Laurance, W. F. (2010). Cautious Optimism over Norway-Indonesia REDD Pact. Conservation Biology, 24(6), 1437-1438.
  • Collier, N., Campbell, B. M., Sandker, M., Garnett, S. T., Sayer, J. & Boedhihartono, A. K. (2011). Science for action: the use of scoping models in conservation and development. Environmental Science & Policy, 14, 628-638.
  • Collier, N., Boedhihartono, A. K., Sayer, J., Anderssen, R., Braddock, R., & Newham, L. (2009). Indigenous livelihoods and the global environment: Understanding relationships. 18th World Imacs Congress and Modsim09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, 2833-2839.
  • Deane, C., Ejeta, G., Rabbinge, R., & Sayer, J. (2010). Science for Development: Mobilizing Global Partnerships Introduction. Crop Science, 50(2), V-VIII.
  • Endamana, D., Boedhihartono, A. K., Bokoto, B., Defo, L., Eyebe, A., Ndikumagenge, C., Nzooh, Z., Ruiz-Perez, M. & Sayer, J. A. (2010). A framework for assessing conservation and development in a Congo Basin Forest Landscape. Tropical Conservation Science, 3, 262-281.
  • Endamana, D., Sayer, J., Etoga, G., Bene Bene, L. (2007). Conservation and development: The influence of accessibility, participatory management and immigration around the Bénoué National Park in Cameroon. Nature and Faune 22, 10-20.
  • Eyebe, A., Endamana, D., Sayer, J., Ruiz-Perez, M., Boedhihartono, A. K., Walters, G., Angu Angu, K. & Ngono, L. (2011). Community forestry and the challenge of aligning with Cameroon’s green economy. Nature and Faune, 26 (1), pp. 49-53.
  • Langston, J. D., Lubis, M. I., Sayer, J. A., Margules, C., Boedhihartono, A. K., & Dirks, P. H. (2015). Comparative development benefits from small and large scale mines in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The Extractive Industries and Society. Vol. 2, Issue 3, 434–444.
  • Langston, J. D., Riggs, R. A., Sururi, Y., Sunderland, T., & Munawir, M. (2017). Estate crops more attractive than community forests in west Kalimantan, Indonesia. Land, 6(1), 12.
  • Laurance, W. F., Kakul, T., Keenan, R. J., Sayer, J., Passingan, S., Clements, G. R., Sodhi, N. S. (2011). Predatory corporations, failing governance, and the fate of forests in Papua New Guinea. Conservation Letters, 4(2), 95-100.
  • Laurance, W. F., Sayer, J., & Cassman, K. G. (2014). Agricultural expansion and its impacts on tropical nature. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 29(2), 107-116.
  • Lubis, M. I., & Langston, J. D. (2015). Understanding Landscape Change Using Participatory Mapping and Geographic Information Systems: Case Study in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 24, 206-214.
  • Margules, C., Sayer, J., Boedhihartono, A. K., Sarkar, S., & Supriatna, J. (2015). Development in Eastern Indonesia: Are there alternative approaches? Taprobanica, Vol. 07, No. 03: pp. 202–212.
  • Nelson, P. N., Gabriel, J., Filer, C., Banabas, M., Sayer, J. A., Curry, G. N., . . . Venter, O. (2014). Oil palm and deforestation in Papua New Guinea. Conservation Letters, 7(3), 188-195.
  • Rampengan, M. M., Law, L., Gaillard, J., Boedhihartono, A. K. & Sayer, J. Engaging communities in managing multiple hazards: Reflections from small islands in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. (2016). Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 37, 249-267.
  • Rampengan, M.M., Boedhihartono, A.K., Margulles, C., Sayer, J., Law, L., Gaillard, J.C., Ong, O.T.N., Linh, T.T.M. (2015). Agroforestry on an Active Volcanic Small Island in Indonesia: Prospering with Adversity. Geographical Research 54(1):19–34.
  • Rampengan, M.M., Boedhihartono, A.K., Law, L., Gaillard, J., & Sayer, J. (2014). Capacities in facing natural hazards: a small island perspective. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 5(4), 247-264.
  • Riggs, R. A., Sayer, J., Margules, C., Boedhihartono, A. K., Langston, J. D. & Sutanto, H. (2016). Forest tenure and conflict in Indonesia: Contested rights in Rempek Village, Lombok. Land Use Policy, 57, 241-249.
  • Riggs, R. A., Langston, J. D., Margules, C., Boedhihartono, A. K., Lim, H. S., Sari, D. A., Sururi, Y., Sayer, J. (2018). Governance Challenges in an Eastern Indonesian Forest Landscape. Sustainability, 10(1), 169.
  • Riggs, R. A., Langston, J. D., & Sayer, J. (2018). Incorporating governance into forest transition frameworks to understand and influence Cambodia’s forest landscapes. Forest policy and economics, 96, 19-27.
  • Sandker, M., Campbell, B. M., Ruiz-Perez, M., Sayer, J. A., Cowling, R., Kassa, H., & Knight, A. T. (2010). The Role of Participatory Modeling in Landscape Approaches to Reconcile Conservation and Development. Ecology and Society, 15(2).
  • Sandker, M., Campbell, B.M., Nzooh,Z., Sunderland, T., Amougou, V., Defo, L., Sayer, J. (2009). Exploring the effectiveness of integrated conservation and development interventions in a Central African forest landscape. Biodiversity and Conservation 18 (11), 2875-2892.
  • Sayer, J., Margules, C. & Boedhihartono, A.K. (2017). Will Biodiversity Be Conserved in Locally-Managed Forests? Land, 6, 6. To download: http://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/6/1/6/htm
  • Sayer, J. A., Margules, C., Boedhihartono, A. K., Sunderland, T., Langston, J. D., Reed, J., Riggs, R., Buck, L. E., Campbell, B. M., Kusters, K., Elliot, C., Minang, P.A., Dale, A., Purnomo, H., Stevenson, J.R., Gunarso, P., Purnomo, A. (2017). Measuring the effectiveness of landscape approaches to conservation and development. Sustainability Science, 1-12.
  • Sayer, J., Endamana, D., Boedhihartono, A.K., Ruiz-Perez, M. & Breuer, T. Learning from change in the Sangha Tri-national landscape. (2016). International Forestry Review Special Issue: Valuing the Cameroonian forest, Vol.18: 130-139.
  • Sayer, J., Margules, C., Bohnet, I., Boedhihartono, A., Pierce, R., Dale, A., & Andrews, K. (2015). The Role of Citizen Science in Landscape and Seascape Approaches to Integrating Conservation and Development. Land, 4(4), 1200-1212.
  • Sayer, J. (2015). Forest landscapes and global change: Challenges for research and management. International Forestry Review 17 (1), 114-115
  • Sayer, J., Margules, C., Boedhihartono, A. K., Dale, A., Sunderland, T., Supriatna, J., & Saryanthi, R. (2014). Landscape approaches; what are the pre-conditions for success? Sustainability Science, 1-11.
  • Sayer, J. et al. (2013). Ten principles for a landscape approach to reconciling agriculture, conservation and other competing land uses. PNAS, 110(21), 8349-8356.
  • Sayer, J., & Cassman, K. G. (2013). Agricultural innovation to protect the environment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(21), 8345-8348.
  • Sayer, J., Endamana, D., Ruiz-Perez, M., Boedhihartono, A.K., Nzooh, Z., Eyebe, A., Awono, A. & Usongo, L. (2012). Global financial crisis impacts forest conservation in Cameroon. International Forestry Review, 14, 90-98.
  • Sayer, J., Ghazoul, J., Nelson, P., & Boedhihartono, A.K. (2012). Oil palm expansion transforms tropical landscapes and livelihoods. Global Food Security 1 (2), 114-119.
  • Sayer, J. A., & Collins, M. (2012). Forest Governance in a Changing World: Reconciling Local and Global Values. The Round Table, 101(2), 137-146.
  • Sayer, J., & A.K. Boedhihartono. (2010). Applying the ITTO-IUCN Guidelines for the Conservation of Biodiversity in Tropical Production Forests. In Tropical Forest Update, Vol. 20 No. 1.
  • Sayer, J. (2010). Agriculture, climate change and nature in Africa. Nature et Faune 25, 17-21.
  • Sayer, J. A. (2009). Reconciling conservation and development: are landscapes the answer? Biotropica, 41(6), 649-652.
  • Sayer, J and Boedhihartono, A.K. Forests: More than just trees. (2009). In The Wealth of Nature: Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity, and Human Well-Being. Eds McNeely J., Mittermeier, R. CI and CEMEX Conservation Book Series, Washington DC.
  • Sayer, J. A., Bull, G., & Elliott, C. (2008). Mediating forest transitions: ‘Grand design’ or ‘Muddling through’. Conservation and Society, 6(4), 320.
  • Sayer, J., Campbell, B., Petheram, L., Aldrich, M., Ruiz-Perez, M., Endamana, D. (2007). Assessing environment and development outcomes in conservation landscapes. Biodiversity and Conservation 16 (9), 2677-2694.
  • Sayer, J.A. and B. Campbell. (2005). The Science of Sustainable Development: Local Livelihoods and the Global Environment. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK.
  • Weng, JA Sayer, L Xue. (2017). Will China redefine development patterns in Africa? Evidence from Cameroon. The Extractive Industries and Society.
  • Weng, L., Endamana, D., Boedhihartono, A. K., Levang, P., Margules, C. R. & Sayer, J. A. (2015). Asian investment at artisanal and small-scale mines in rural Cameroon. The Extractive Industries and Society, 2, 64-72.
  • Weng, L., Boedhihartono, A. K., Dirks, P. H., Dixon, J., Lubis, M. I. & Sayer, J. A. (2013). Mineral industries, growth corridors and agricultural development in Africa. Global Food Security, 2, 195-202.
  • Wunder, S., Campbell, B., Frost, PGH., Sayer, J., Iwan, R., Wollenberg, L. (2008). When donors get cold feet: the community conservation concession in Setulang (Kalimantan, Indonesia) that never happened. Ecology and Society 13 (1), 12.

The Science of Sustainable

Visualizing Sustainable Landscapes


Agricultural Innovation to Protect
the Environment