LANDSCAPES IN MONDULKIRI
A number of protected areas exist in the Eastern Plains of Cambodia. The local population consists of Indigenous ethnic groups, primarily Bunong or Stieng, and ethnic Khmer. Livelihoods are predominantly derived from agriculture and forest use, including rain-fed rice paddy, cassava, cashew, rubber and resin tapping. Protected areas conserves large areas of both Annamitic evergreen forest and deciduous dipterocarp forests of the eastern plains, forming a complex mosaic of forest types. Endangered wildlife species under protection includeblack-shanked douc (Pygathrix nigripes), yellowcheeked crested gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae), Elds Deer (Rucervus eldii) and green peafowl (Pavo muticus). The Keo Seima Wildlife Sanctuary contains an established REDD+ project and receives conservation and development support from multiple NGOs, government agencies and donors. Large scale development projects exist and are planned in the landscape, including mining, economic land concessions, new roads and power transmission lines. Due to the proximity of the Vietnamese border, logging of high value timber is a major concern for protected area authorities.
Tanah Air Beta is collaborating with local institutions in Mondulkiri to better understand the rapid changes that are occurring in frontier landscapes in southeast Asia. We are focusing our efforts on conservation and development trade-offs; finding leverage points to strengthen development benefits to local communities. We hope to support local efforts to build capacity among natural resource managers for better social and environmental outcomes.